明治憲法・町田平和委員会hp     
明 治 憲 法
The Constitution of the Empire of Japan
                 (1889)

     From Hirobumi Ito, Commentaries on the constitution of the empire of Japan, trans. Miyoji Ito (Tokyo: Igirisu-horitsu gakko, 22nd year of Meiji,1889)


第1章 天皇
CHAPTER I.
THE EMPEROR

第一条
 大日本帝国ハ万世一系ノ天皇之ヲ統治ス
Article 1. The Empire of Japan shall be reigned over and governed by a line of Emperors unbroken for ages eternal.

第二条
 皇位ハ皇室典範ノ定ムル所ニ依リ皇男子孫之ヲ継承ス
Article 2. The Imperial Throne shall be succeeded to by Imperial male descendants, according to the provisions of the Imperial House Law.

第三条
 天皇ハ神聖ニシテ侵スヘカラス
Article 3. The Emperor is sacred and inviolable.

第四条
 天皇ハ国ノ元首ニシテ統治権ヲ総攬シ此ノ憲法ノ条規ニ依リ之ヲ行フ
Article 4. The Emperor is the head of the Empire, combining in Himself the rights of sovereignty, and exercises them, according to the provisions of the present Constitution.

第五条
 天皇ハ帝国議会ノ協賛ヲ以テ立法権ヲ行フ
Article 5. The Emperor exercises the legislative power with the consent of the Imperial Diet.

第六条
 天皇ハ法律ヲ裁可シ其ノ公布及執行ヲ命ス
Article 6. The Emperor gives sanction to laws, and orders them to be promulgated and executed.

第七条
 天皇ハ帝国議会ヲ召集シ其ノ開会閉会停会及衆議院ノ解散ヲ命ス
Article 7. The Emperor convokes the Imperial Diet, opens, closes, and prorogues it, and dissolves the House of Representatives.

第八条

 天皇ハ公共ノ安全ヲ保持シ又ハ其ノ災厄ヲ避クル為緊急ノ必要ニ由リ帝国議会閉会ノ場合ニ於テ法律ニ代ルヘキ勅令ヲ発ス

 此ノ勅令ハ次ノ会期ニ於テ帝国議会ニ提出スヘシ若議会ニ於テ承諾セサルトキハ政府ハ将来ニ向テ其ノ効力ヲ失フコトヲ公布
スヘシ
Article 8. The Emperor, in consequence of an urgent necessity to maintain public safety or to avert public calamities, issues, when the Imperial Diet is not sitting, Imperial ordinances in the place of law.
(2) Such Imperial Ordinances are to be laid before the Imperial Diet at its next session, and when the Diet does not approve the said Ordinances, the Government shall declare them to be invalid for the future.

第九条
 天皇ハ法律ヲ執行スル為ニ又ハ公共ノ安寧秩序ヲ保持し及臣民ノ幸福ヲ増進スル為ニ必要ナル命令ヲ発シ又ハ発セシム但シ命
令ヲ以テ法律ヲ変更スルコトヲ得ス
Article 9. The Emperor issues or causes to be issued, the Ordinances necessary for the carrying out of the laws, or for the maintenance of the public peace and order, and for the promotion of the welfare of the subjects. But no Ordinance shall in any way alter any of the existing laws.

第十条
天皇ハ行政各部ノ官制及文武官ノ俸給ヲ定メ及文武官ヲ任免ス但シ此ノ憲法又ハ他ノ法律ニ特例ヲ掲ケタルモノハ各〃其ノニ依ル
Article 10. The Emperor determines the organization of the different branches of the administration, and salaries of all civil and military officers, and appoints and dismisses the same. Exceptions especially provided for in the present Constitution or in other laws, shall be in accordance with the
respective provisions (bearing thereon).


第十一条
 天皇ハ陸海軍ヲ統帥ス
Article 11. The Emperor has the supreme command of the Army and Navy.

第十二条
 天皇ハ陸海空軍ノ編制及常備兵額ヲ定ム
Article 12. The Emperor determines the organization and peace standing of the Army and Navy.

第十三条
 天皇ハ戦ヲ宣シ和ヲ講シ及諸般ノ条約ヲ締結ス
Article 13. The Emperor declares war, makes peace, and concludes treaties.

第十四条

 天皇ハ戒厳ヲ宣告ス

 戒厳ノ要件及効力ハ法律ヲ以之ヲ定ム
Article 14. The Emperor declares a state of siege.
(2) The conditions and effects of a state of siege shall be determined by law.

第十五条
 天皇ハ爵位勲章及其ノ他ノ栄典ヲ授与ス
Article 15. The Emperor confers titles of nobility, rank, orders and other marks of honor.

第十六条
 天皇ハArticle 16. The Emperor orders amnesty, pardon, commutation of punishments and rehabilitation.
大赦特赦減刑及復権ヲ命ス

第一七条

 摂政ヲ置クハ皇室典範ノ定ムル所ニ依ル

 摂政ハ天皇ノ名ニ於テ大権ヲ行フ
Article 17. A Regency shall be instituted in conformity with the provisions of the Imperial House Law.

(2) The Regent shall exercise the powers appertaining to the Emperor in His name.


第2章 臣民の権利と義務
CHAPTER II.
RIGHTS AND DUTIES OF SUBJECTS


第十八条
 日本臣民タル要件ハ法律ノ定ムル所ニ依ル
Article 18. The conditions necessary for being a Japanese subject shall be determined by law.

第十九条
 日本臣民ハ法律命令ノ定ムル所ノ資格ニ応シ均ク文武官ニ任セラレ及其ノ他ノ公務ニ就クコトヲ得
Article 19. Japanese subjects may, according to qualifications determined in laws or ordinances, be appointed to civil or military or any other public offices equally.

第二十条
 日本臣民ハ法律ノ定ムル所ニ従ヒ兵役ノ義務ヲ有ス
Article 20. Japanese subjects are amenable to service in the Army or Navy, according to the provisions of law.

第二十一条
 日本臣民ハ法律ノ定ムル所ニ従ヒ納税ノ義務ヲ有ス
Article 21. Japanese subjects are amenable to the duty of paying taxes, according to the provisions of law.

第二十二条
 日本臣民ハ法律ノ範囲内ニ於テ移住及移転ノ自由ヲ有ス
Article 22. Japanese subjects shall have the liberty of abode and of changing the same within the limits of the law.

第二十三条
 日本臣民ハ法律ニ依ルニ非スシテ逮捕監禁審問処罰ヲ受クルコトナシ
Article 23. No Japanese subject shall be arrested, detained, tried or punished, unless according to law.

第二十四条
 日本臣民ハ法律ニ定メタル裁判官ノ裁判ヲ受クルノ権ヲ奪ハルゝコトナシ
Article 24. No Japanese subject shall be deprived of his right of being tried by the judges determined by law.

第二十五条
 日本臣民ハ法律ニ定メタル場合ヲ除ク外其ノ許諾ナクシテ住所ニ侵入セラレ及捜索サルヽコトナシ
Article 25. Except in the cases provided for in the law, the house of no Japanese subject shall be entered or searched without his consent.

第二十六条
 日本臣民ハ法律ニ定メタル場合ヲ除ク外信書ノ祕密ヲ侵サルゝコトナシ
Article 26. Except in the cases mentioned in the law, the secrecy of the letters of every Japanese subject shall remain inviolate.

第二十七条

 日本臣民ハ其ノ所有権ヲ侵サルゝコトナシ

 公益ノ為必要ナル処分ハ法律ノ定ムル所ニ依ル
Article 27. The right of property of every Japanese subject shall remain inviolate.
(2) Measures necessary to be taken for the public benefit shall be any provided for by law.

第二十八条
 日本臣民ハ安寧秩序ヲ妨ケス及臣民タルノ義務ニ背カサル限ニ於テ信教ノ自由ヲ有ス
Article 28. Japanese subjects shall, within limits not prejudicial to peace and order, and not antagonistic to their duties as subjects, enjoy freedom of religious belief.

第二十九条
 日本臣民ハ法律ノ範囲内ニ於テ言論著作印行集会及結社ノ自由ヲ有ス
Article 29. Japanese subjects shall, within the limits of law, enjoy the liberty of speech, writing, publication, public meetings and associations.

第三十条
 日本臣民ハ相当ノ敬礼ヲ守リ別ニ定ムル所ノ規程ニ従ヒ請願ヲ為スコトヲ得
Article 30. Japanese subjects may present petitions, by observing the proper forms of respect, and by complying with the rules specially provided for the same.

第三十一条
 本章ニ掲ケタル条規ハ戦時又ハ国家事変ノ場合ニ於テ天皇大権ノ施行ヲ妨クルコトナシ
Article 31. The provisions contained in the present Chapter shall not affect the exercises of the powers appertaining to the Emperor, in times of war or in cases of a national emergency.

第三十二条
 本章ニ掲ケタル条規ハ陸海空軍ノ法令又ハ紀律ニ牴触セサルモノニ限リ軍人ニ準行ス
Article 32. Each and every one of the provisions contained in the preceding Articles of the present Chapter, that are not in conflict with the laws or the rules and discipline of the Army and Navy, shall apply to the officers and men of the Army and of the Navy.


第3章 帝国議会
CHAPTER III.
THE IMPERIAL DIET


第三十三条
 帝国議会ハ貴族院衆議院ノ両院ヲ以テ成立ス
Article 33. The Imperial Diet shall consist of two Houses, a House of Peers and a House of Representatives.

第三十四条
 貴族院ハ貴族院令ノ定ムル所ニ依リ皇族華族及勅任セラレタル議員ヲ以テ組織ス
Article 34. The House of Peers shall, in accordance with the ordinance concerning the House of Peers, be composed of the members of the Imperial Family, of the orders of nobility, and of those who have been nominated thereto by the Emperor.

第三十五条
 衆議院ハ選挙法ノ定ムル所ニ依リ公選セラレタル議員ヲ以テ組織ス
Article 35. The House of Representatives shall be composed of members elected by the people, according to the provisions of the law of Election.

第三十六条
 何人モ同時ニ両議院ノ議員タルコトヲ得ス
Article 36. No one can at one and the same time be a Member of both Houses.

第三十七条
 凡テ法律ハ帝国議会ノ協賛ヲ経ルヲ要ス
Article 37. Every law requires the consent of the Imperial Diet.

第三十八条
 両議院ハ政府ノ提出スル法律案ヲ議決し及各〃法律案ヲ提出スルコトヲ得
Article 38. Both Houses shall vote upon projects of law submitted to it by the Government, and may respectively initiate projects of law.

第三十九条
 両議院ノ一ニ於テ否決シタル法律案ハ同会期中ニ於テ再ヒ提出スルコトヲ得ス
Article 39. A Bill, which has been rejected by either the one or the other of the two Houses, shall not be brought in again during the same session.

第四十条
 両議院ハ法律又ハ其ノ他ノ事件ニ付キ各〃其ノ意見ヲ政府ニ建議スルコトヲ得但シ其ノ採納ヲ得サルモノハ同会期中ニ於テ再ヒ建議スルコトヲ得ス
Article 40. Both Houses can make representations to the Government, as to laws or upon any other subject. When, however, such representations are not accepted, they cannot be made a second time during the same session.

第四十一条
 帝国議会ハ毎年之ヲ召集ス
Article 41. The Imperial Diet shall be convoked every year.


第四十二条
 帝国議会ハ三箇月ヲ以テ会期トス必要アル場合ニ於テハ勅命ヲ以テ之ヲ延長スルコトアルヘシ
Article 42. A session of the Imperial Diet shall last during three months. In case of necessity, the duration of a session may be prolonged by the Imperial Order.

第四十三条
 臨時緊急ノ必要アル場合ニ於イテ常会ノ外臨時会ヲ召集スヘシ臨時会ノ会期ヲ定ムルハ勅命ニ依ル
Article 43. When urgent necessity arises, an extraordinary session may be convoked in addition to the ordinary one.
(2) The duration of an extraordinary session shall be determined by Imperial Order.

第四十四条

 帝国議会ノ開会閉会会期ノ延長及停会ハ両院同時ニ之ヲ行フヘシ

 衆議院解散ヲ命セラレタルトキハ貴族院ハ同時ニ停会セラルヘシ
Article 44. The opening, closing, prolongation of session and prorogation of the Imperial Diet, shall be effected simultaneously for both Houses.
(2) In case the House of Representatives has been ordered to dissolve, the House of Peers shall at the same time be prorogued.

第四十五条
 衆議院解散ヲ命セラレタルトキハ勅令ヲ以テ新ニ議員ヲ選挙セシメ解散ノ日ヨリ五箇月以内ニ之ヲ召集スヘシ
Article 45. When the House of Representatives has been ordered to dissolve, Members shall be caused by Imperial Order to be newly elected, and the new House shall be convoked within five months from the day of dissolution.

第四十六条
 両議院ハ各〃其ノ総議員三分ノ一以上出席スルニ非サレハ議事ヲ開キ議決ヲ為ス事ヲ得ス
Article 46. No debate can be opened and no vote can be taken in either House of the Imperial Diet, unless not less than one-third of the whole number of Members thereof is present.

第四十七条
 両議院ノ議事ハ過半数ヲ以テ決ス可否同数ナルトキハ議長ノ決スル所ニ依ル
Article 47. Votes shall be taken in both Houses by absolute majority. In the case of a tie vote, the President shall have the casting vote.

第四十八条
 両議院ノ会議ハ公開ス但シ政府ノ要求又ハ其ノ院ノ決議ニ依リ秘密会ト為スコトヲ得
Article 48. The deliberations of both Houses shall be held in public. The deliberations may, however, upon demand of the Government or by resolution of the House, be held in secret sitting.

第四十九条
 両議院ハ各〃天皇ニ上奏スルコトヲ得
Article 49. Both Houses of the Imperial Diet may respectively present addresses to the Emperor.

第五十条
 両議院ハ臣民ヨリ呈出スル請願書ヲ受クルコトヲ得
Article 50. Both Houses may receive petitions presented by subjects.

第五十一条
 両議院ハ此ノ憲法及議院法ニ掲クルモノゝ外内部ノ整理ニ必要ナル諸規則ヲ定ムルコトヲ得
Article 51. Both Houses may enact, besides what is provided for in the present Constitution and in the Law of the Houses, rules necessary for the management of their internal affairs.

第五十二条
 両議院ノ議員ハ議院ニ於テ発言シタル意見及表決ニ付院外ニ於テ責ヲ負フコトナシ但シ議員自ラ其ノ言論ヲ演説刊行筆記又ハ 其ノ他ノ方法ヲ以テ公布シタルトキハ一般ノ法律ニ依リ処分セラルヘシ
Article 52. No Member of either House shall be held responsible outside the respective Houses, for any opinion uttered or for any vote given in the House. When, however, a Member himself has given publicity to his opinions by public speech, by documents in print or in writing, or by any other similar means, he shall, in the matter, be amenable to the general law.

第五十三条
 両議院ノ議員ハ現行犯罪又ハ内乱外患ニ関ル罪ヲ除ク外会期中其ノ院ノ許諾ナクシテ逮捕サルゝコトナシ
Article 53. The Members of both Houses shall, during the session, be free from arrest, unless with the consent of the House, except in cases of flagrant delicts, or of offenses connected with a state of internal commotion or with a foreign trouble.

第五十四条
 国務大臣及政府委員ハ何時タリトモ各議院ニ出席シ及発言スルコトヲ得
Article 54. The Ministers of State and the Delegates of the Government may, at any time, take seats and speak in either House.




第4章 国務大臣と枢密院
CHAPTER IV.
THE MINISTERS OF STATE AND THE PRIVY COUNCIL

第五十五条

 国務各大臣ハ天皇ヲ輔弼シ其ノ責ニ任ス

 凡テ法律勅令其ノ他国務ニ関ル詔勅ハ国務大臣ノ副署ヲ要ス
Article 55. The respective Ministers of State shall give their advice to the Emperor, and be responsible for it.
(2) All Laws, Imperial Ordinances, and Imperial Rescripts of whatever kind, that relate to the affairs of the state, require the countersignature of a Minister of State.

第五十六条
 枢密顧問ハ枢密院官制ノ定ムル所ニ依リ天皇ノ諮詢ニ応ヘ重要ノ国務ヲ審議ス
Article 56. The Privy Councillors shall, in accordance with the provisions for the organization of the Privy Council, deliberate upon important matters of State when they have been consulted by the Emperor.



第5章 司法
CHAPTER V.
THE JUDICATURE

第五十七条

 司法権ハ天皇ノ名ニ於テ法律ニ依リ裁判所之ヲ行フ

 裁判所ノ構成ハ法律ヲ以テ之ヲ定ム
Article 57. The Judicature shall be exercised by the Courts of Law according to law, in the name of the Emperor.
(2) The organization of the Courts of Law shall be determined by law.

第五十八条

 裁判官ハ法律ニ定メタル資格ヲ具フル者ヲ以テ之ニ任ス

 裁判官ハ刑法ノ宣告又ハ懲戒ノ処分ニ由ルノ外其ノ職ヲ免セラルゝコトナシ

 懲戒ノ条規ハ法律ヲ以テ之ヲ定ム
Article 58. The judges shall be appointed from among those, who possess proper qualifications according to law.
(2) No judge shall be deprived of his position, unless by way of criminal sentence or disciplinary punishment.
(3) Rules for disciplinary punishment shall be determined by law.

第五十九条
 裁判ノ対審判決ハ之ヲ公開ス但シ安寧秩序又ハ風俗ヲ害スルノ虞アルトキハ法律ニ依リ又ハ裁判所ノ決議ヲ以テ対審ノ公開ヲ停ムルコトヲ得
Article 59. Trials and judgments of a Court shall be conducted publicly. When, however, there exists any fear, that such publicity may be prejudicial to peace and order, or to the maintenance of public morality, the public trial may be suspended by provisions of law or by the decision of the Court of Law.

第六十条
 特別裁判所ノ管轄ニ属スヘキモノハ別ニ法律ヲ以テ之ヲ定ム
Article 60. All matters that fall within the competency of a special Court, shall be specially provided for by law.

第六十一条
 行政官庁ノ違法処分ニ由リ権利ヲ傷害セラレタリトスルノ訴訟ニシテ別ニ法律ヲ以テ定メタル行政裁判所ノ裁判ニ属スヘキモノハ司法裁判所ニ於テ受理スルノ限ニ在ラス
Article 61. No suit at law, which relates to rights alleged to have been infringed by the illegal measures of the administrative authorities, and which shall come within the competency of the Court of Administrative Litigation specially established by law, shall be taken cognizance of by Court of Law.


第6章 財政
CHAPTER VI.
FINANCE

第六十二条

 新ニ租税ヲ課シ及税率ヲ変更スルハ法律ヲ以テ之ヲ定ムヘシ

 但シ報償ニ属スル行政上ノ手数料及其ノ他ノ収納金ハ前項ノ限ニ在ラス国債ヲ起シ及予算ニ定メタルモノヲ除ク外国庫ノ負担トナルヘキ契約ヲ為スハ帝国議会ノ協賛ヲ経ヘシ
Article 62. The imposition of a new tax or the modification of the rates (of an existing one) shall be determined by law.
(2) However, all such administrative fees or other revenue having the nature of compensation shall not fall within the category of the above clause.
(3) The raising of national loans and the contracting of other liabilities to the charge of the National Treasury, except those that are provided in the Budget, shall require the consent of the Imperial Diet.

第六十三条
現行ノ租税ハ更ニ法律ヲ以テ之ヲ改メサル限ハ旧ニ依リ之ヲ徴収ス
Article 63. The taxes levied at present shall, in so far as they are not remodelled by a new law, be collected according to the old system.

第六十四条

 国家ノ歳出歳入ハ毎年予算ヲ以テ帝国議会ノ協賛ヲ経ヘシ

 予算ノ款項ニ超過シ又ハ予算ノ外ニ生シタル支出アルトキハ後日帝国議会ノ承諾ヲ求ムルヲ要ス
Article 64. The expenditure and revenue of the State require the consent of the Imperial Diet by means of an annual Budget.
(2) Any and all expenditures overpassing the appropriations set forth in the Titles and Paragraphs of the Budget, or that are not provided for in the Budget, shall subsequently require the approbation of the Imperial Diet.




第六十五条
 予算ハ前ニ衆議院ニ提出スヘシ
Article 65. The Budget shall be first laid before the House of Representatives.

第六十六条
 皇室経費ハ現在ノ定額ニ依リ毎年国庫ヨリ之ヲ支出シ将来増額ヲ要スル場合ヲ除ク外帝国議会ノ協賛ヲ要セス
Article 66. The expenditures of the Imperial House shall be defrayed every year out of the National Treasury, according to the present fixed amount for the same, and shall not require the consent thereto of the Imperial Diet, except in case an increase thereof is found necessary.

第六十七条
 憲法上ノ大権ニ基ツケル既定ノ歳出及法律ノ結果ニ由リ又ハ法律上政府ノ義務ニ属スル歳出ハ政府ノ同意ナクシテ帝国議会之ヲ廃除シ又ハ削減スルコトヲ得ス
Article 67. Those already fixed expenditures based by the Constitution upon the powers appertaining to the Emperor, and such expenditures as may have arisen by the effect of law, or that appertain to the legal obligations of the Government, shall be neither rejected nor reduced by the Imperial Diet, without the concurrence of the Government.

第六十八条
 特別ノ須要ニ因リ政府ハ予メ年限ヲ定メ継続費トシテ帝国議会ノ協賛ヲ求ムルコトヲ得
Article 68. In order to meet special requirements, the Government may ask the consent of the Imperial Diet to a certain amount as a Continuing Expenditure Fund, for a previously fixed number of years.

第六十九条
 避クヘカラサル予算ノ不足ヲ補フ為ニ又ハ予算ノ外ニ生シタル必要ノ費用ニ充ツル為ニ予備費ヲ設クヘシ
Article 69. In order to supply deficiencies, which are unavoidable, in the Budget, and to meet requirements unprovided for in the same, a Reserve Fund shall be provided in the Budget.

第七十条

 公共ノ安全ヲ保持スル為緊急ノ需要アル場合ニ於テ内外ノ情形ニ因リ政府ハ帝国議会ヲ召集スルコ
ト能ハサルトキハ勅令ニ依リ財政上必要ノ処分ヲ為スコトヲ得

 前項ノ場合ニ於テハ次ノ会期ニ於テ帝国議会ニ提出シ其ノ承諾ヲ求ムルヲ要ス
Article 70. When the Imperial Diet cannot be convoked, owing to the external or internal condition of the country, in case of urgent need for the maintenance of public safety, the Government may take all necessary financial measures, by means of an Imperial Ordinance.
(2) In the case mentioned in the preceding clause, the matter shall be submitted to the Imperial Diet at its next session, and its approbation shall be obtained thereto.

第七十一条
 帝国議会ニ於イテ予算ヲ議定セス又ハ予算成立ニ至ラサルトキハ政府ハ前年度ノ予算ヲ施行スヘシ
Article 71. When the Imperial Diet has not voted on the Budget, or when the Budget has not been brought into actual existence, the Government shall carry out the Budget of the preceding year.

第七十二条

 国家ノ歳出歳入ノ決算ハ会計検査院之ヲ検査確定シ政府ハ其ノ検査報告ト倶ニ之ヲ帝国議会ニ提出スヘシ

 会計検査院ノ組織及職権ハ法律ヲ以テ之ヲ定ム
Article 72. The final account of the expenditures and revenues of the State shall be verified and confirmed by the Board of Audit, and it shall be submitted by the Government to the Imperial Diet, together with the report of verification of the said board.
(2) The organization and competency of the Board of Audit shall of determined by law separately.


第7章 補則
CHAPTER VII.
SUPPLEMENTARY RULES

第七十三条

 将来此ノ憲法ノ条項ヲ改正スルノ必要アルトキハ勅命ヲ以テ議案ヲ帝国議会ノ議ニ付スヘシ

 此ノ場合ニ於テ両議院ハ各〃其ノ総員三分ノニ以上出席スルニ非サレハ議事ヲ開クコトヲ得ス

 出席議員三分ノ二以上ノ多数ヲ得ルニ非サレハ改正ノ議決ヲ為スコトヲ得ス
Article 73. When it has become necessary in future to amend the provisions of the present Constitution, a project to the effect shall be submitted to the Imperial Diet by Imperial Order.
(2) In the above case, neither House can open the debate, unless not less than two-thirds of the whole number of Members are present, and no amendment can be passed, unless a majority of not less than two-thirds of the Members present is obtained.

第七十四条

 皇室典範ノ改正ハ帝国議会ノ議ヲ経ルヲ要セス

 皇室典範ヲ以テ此ノ憲法ノ条規ヲ変更スルコトヲ得ス
Article 74. No modification of the Imperial House Law shall be required to be submitted to the deliberation of the Imperial Diet.
(2) No provision of the present Constitution can be modified by the Imperial House Law.

第七十五条
 憲法及皇室典範ハ摂政ヲ置クノ間之ヲ変更スルコトヲ得ス
Article 75. No modification can be introduced into the Constitution, or into the Imperial House Law, during the time of a Regency.

第七十六条

 法律規則命令又ハ何等ノ名称ヲ用ヰタルニ拘ラス此ノ憲法ニ矛盾セサル現行ノ法令ハ総テ遵由ノ効
力ヲ有ス

 歳出上政府ノ義務ニ係ル現在ノ契約又ハ命令ハ総テ第六十七条ノ例ニ依ル

Article 76. Existing legal enactments, such as laws, regulations, Ordinances, or by whatever names they may be called, shall, so far as they do not conflict with the present Constitution, continue in force.

(2) All existing contracts or orders, that entail obligations upon the Government, and that are connected with expenditure, shall come within the scope of Article 67.


***********************************************************
以上、改正条項に関して原文と英訳のずれがあるためか、多少の異同があるが、参考として掲載します。また、各章の章名は適宜つけた。
SEO [PR] お金 ギフト  冷え対策 特産品 動画無料レンタルサーバー SEO